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15 октября, 02:47

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15 октября, 02:04

Countdown!

Readers have responded generously to our final appeal, to meet our last goal of $35,000 for more original and to beat our new donor target of 1750 contributors. Since our last update, only five hours ago, you’ve blasted through our financial target. We are now $3,815 over our goal! This is very exciting for all […]

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15 октября, 02:00

AT AMAZON, save in Hair Care. Plus, Fall Deals in Kitchen and Dining. The holidays are coming!…

AT AMAZON, save in Hair Care. Plus, Fall Deals in Kitchen and Dining. The holidays are coming!

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15 октября, 01:49

THIS IS ACTUALLY A HUGE STORY, BUT ITS IMPACT WILL BE DULLED by people on the right saying “we alway…

THIS IS ACTUALLY A HUGE STORY, BUT ITS IMPACT WILL BE DULLED by people on the right saying “we always knew that,” and people on the left saying “good, now double down on it.” Project Veritas’ alleged CNN whistleblower claims network is ‘pumping out propaganda.’

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15 октября, 01:45

WHY IS THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY SUCH A CESSPIT OF INTOLERANCE? Beto O’Rourke Admits He’ll Take Tax E…

WHY IS THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY SUCH A CESSPIT OF INTOLERANCE? Beto O’Rourke Admits He’ll Take Tax Exempt Status Away From Mosques, Historically Black Colleges.

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15 октября, 01:44

INSIDE FAKE NEWS: Undercover Video Reveals Tension Between CNN Staff, Leadership Over Nonstop Trump…

INSIDE FAKE NEWS: Undercover Video Reveals Tension Between CNN Staff, Leadership Over Nonstop Trump Focus. “Everyone at the network complains about it. They hate covering Trump every day.” Plus: “Neville said that Zucker ‘has a personal vendetta against Trump,’ at least partly going back to when Trump worked with Zucker on ‘The Apprentice’ reality show.

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15 октября, 01:41

TRUMP BUILT A WALL AND MEXICO IS PAYING FOR IT: Mexico thwarts a migrant caravan for us. “With the…

TRUMP BUILT A WALL AND MEXICO IS PAYING FOR IT: Mexico thwarts a migrant caravan for us. “With the hot months of summer coming to an end, it’s caravan season in Mexico again. And we’re not talking about people vacationing in recreational vehicles. Caravans of Central American migrants are forming up in Honduras and Guatemala […]

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15 октября, 01:31

Students Selling Notes, Part 2, by Michael Munger

(Editor’s Note: Last week, Professor Munger told us a story about having seen a former student attempting to sell his notes for Munger’s final exam. Here is the second part of the story.) Given that, how should I have reacted to the Facebook post where the student tries to sell his/her notes?  Remember, I myself give out the questions, so no harm there. And I suggest that students share the burden of preparing the answers. The only wrinkle would be whether there is something wrong with selling the notes.   The simplest answer would be to accept the argument from the important book, Markets Without Limits (2015), by Jason Brennan and Peter Jaworski. They claim that if something is moral when you do it for free, that same thing cannot be immoral if you do it for money.  In other words, if there is no moral problem with the thing itself, then no moral problem is introduced by market exchange.   What I found mysterious about the “offer for sale” was that it seemed as if there was a way to make a lot more money, by selling copies of the notes rather than the one handwritten copy. I imagine that what happened was the student found the notes, started to throw them away, and then thought, “Huh. Someone else could use these. This was quite a bit of work. I’ll sell them!”   It could be, though, that the seller recognized that the value of the notes to one person is greater than the value to any one person of many, if the notes are xeroxed. After all, if the answers of many people are the same, or nearly so, the improvement in the grade may be reduced. And there’s a negative externality: if many people all do much better, that will raise the mean and the net effect, after the curve, may be zero. If only one student gets the notes, the answer will be unique (in that class, at least), and it won’t affect the curve; the buyer will capture all the benefits.   But there’s another aspect to this, one that actually says more about professors than about students.  I have noticed that the offer to sell notes elicits strong responses from some professors. They aren’t (only) worried that this is a genera ethical violation; it’s also an educational violation. Students should have to suffer through class, and synthesize the material themselves, before they can be said to have “learned” it.  Having it already synthesized, so that all the buyer of the notes has to do is review those few pages (I think it’s about 50 handwritten sheets), rather than the readings, is cheating all right. But it’s cheating the students who buy the notes out of the learning experience of the class.   This might be right, but in this case I have tried to make that less likely. The 12 essay questions constitute what I believe to be the important questions, the big questions, that a student being introduced to political economy should know.  If the students know those questions, and have good answers, I have done my job.  I frankly don’t care much about how that knowledge is transmitted, or acquired. Remember, the students probably can’t memorize an entire essay.  Each essay should be 500+ words, an entire blue book more, single-spaced.  If the student learns the material well enough to produce a quality essay on all 12 questions, I don’t care much how they came by this knowledge.   All this reminds me of a slightly ribald, but insightful, “Prof joke,” one well known to all professors I expect.  It goes like this:  A young woman is not doing well in the class, and comes to office hours to talk to the older male professor. The student talks about how worried she is, and says that she will need to do well on the final to pass the course. Then she says, “I have to do well on the final. I’d do anything to do well on the final, you know.”   The professor is a bit startled, and blurts out, “Um….anything?”   The young woman leans forward and whispers breathily, “ANYTHING.”   The professor nods, and looks down at his desk for several long seconds. Then he leans forward, looks over his glasses, and whispers back equally breathily: “All right, then. STUDY.”   Because, as the notes seller rightly says in the ad, “If you study and memorize them….”  That means this is not really a short-cut, but an economy.  There may actually an educational benefit, if the answers are good and the buyer takes the time to read carefully and understand the answers, because then that student will have learned about the questions more deeply than might have happened otherwise.   Or maybe not. Do you think I have this right? Are there problems with selling notes? And what are the conditions, if there are any, where selling notes should be sanctioned by the professor if he or she discovers the scheme?     Michael Munger teaches at Duke University and is Director of the interdisciplinary program in Philosphy, Politics, and Economics (PPE) at Duke University. He is a frequent guest on EconTalk. Read more of Michael Munger’s writing at Archive. (0 COMMENTS)

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15 октября, 01:28

WHY ARE LEFTY INDUSTRIES SUCH CESSPITS OF SEXUAL ABUSE? NBC’s culture of corruption and sexual ab…

WHY ARE LEFTY INDUSTRIES SUCH CESSPITS OF SEXUAL ABUSE? NBC’s culture of corruption and sexual abuse may be even worse than anyone thought. “Shockingly, NBC’s investigation of NBC showing there is no evidence of a ‘culture of sexual harassment’ at NBC may not have been so thorough as the network would have you believe.”

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15 октября, 01:22

WHERE’S THE FUN IN THAT? Microsoft wants to use AI to bleep out bad words in Xbox Live party chat….

WHERE’S THE FUN IN THAT? Microsoft wants to use AI to bleep out bad words in Xbox Live party chat.

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15 октября, 01:00

NEWS YOU CAN USE: Allegations of Sex with the Devil Aren’t Libelous….

NEWS YOU CAN USE: Allegations of Sex with the Devil Aren’t Libelous.

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15 октября, 00:30

NEWS YOU CAN USE: Saying ‘Triggered’ Will Not Turn Your Child Into a Nazi. “Racists Are Recruiting….

NEWS YOU CAN USE: Saying ‘Triggered’ Will Not Turn Your Child Into a Nazi. “Racists Are Recruiting. Watch Your White Sons,” warns a recent New York Times piece by the feminist writer Joanna Schroeder. While it is undoubtedly true that white supremacist trolls try to appeal to vulnerable young men, the incident that prompted Schroeder to […]