Paragon Group of Cos Mon, 01 Jun 2020 20:14:55 +0300 <![CDATA[Jared Diamondin row over claim tribal peoples live in 'state of constant war']]>

Respected author's book condemned by Survival International as 'completely wrong, both factually and morally'

A fierce dispute has erupted between Pulitzer prize-winning author Jared Diamond and campaign group Survival International over Diamond's recently published and highly acclaimed comparison of western and tribal societies, The World Until Yesterday: What Can We Learn from Traditional Societies?

The controversy threatens to expose a deep rift in modern anthropology, with each claiming the other has fallen into a delusion that threatens to undermine the chances for survival of the world's remaining tribal societies.

On a book tour of the UK last week, Diamond, 75, was drawn into a dispute with the campaign group after its director, Stephen Corry, condemned Diamond's book as "completely wrong – both factually and morally – and extremely dangerous" for portraying tribal societies as more violent than western ones.

Survival accuses Diamond of applying studies of 39 societies, of which 10 are in his realm of direct experience in New Guinea and neighbouring islands, to advance a thesis that tribal peoples across the world live in a state of near-constant warfare.

"It's a profoundly damaging argument that tribal peoples are more violent than us," said Survival's Jonathan Mazower. "It simply isn't true. If allowed to go unchallenged … it would do tremendous damage to the movement for tribal people's rights. Diamond has constructed his argument using a small minority of anthropologists and using statistics in a way that is misleading and manipulative."

In a lengthy and angry rebuttal on Saturday, Diamond confirmed his finding that "tribal warfare tends to be chronic, because there are not strong central governments that can enforce peace". He accused Survival of falling into the thinking that views tribal people either as "primitive brutish barbarians" or as "noble savages, peaceful paragons of virtue living in harmony with their environment, and admirable compared to us, who are the real brutes".

He added: "An occupational hazard facing authors like me, who try to steer a middle course between these two extremes, is the likelihood of being criticised from either direction."

But Survival remains adamant. "The clear thrust of his argument is that there is a natural evolutionary path along which human society progresses and we are simply further along it," said Mazower. "That's extremely dangerous, because it is the notion that they're backward and need to be 'developed'. That thinking – and not that their way of living might be just as modern as any other way of living – is the same thinking that underpins governments that persecute tribal people."

Mazower pointed to tribes in north-west Amazonia who are nomadic hunter-gatherers but live among settled peoples. "Clearly, they have had the opportunity to adopt a more settled way of life if they wanted to," he said. "They have been on an enormously complicated journey, through wildly different environments, ways of life, beliefs, languages to get to this point."

Diamond's reasoning, he said, was "pernicious" and "leads to the kind of remark the former president of Botswana made about the Kalahari bushmen: 'How can you have a hunter-gatherer living in the age of computers? If the bushman wants to survive he must change, otherwise, like the dodo, he will perish'."

However, Diamond says Survival's condemnation of his book is driven by something other than facts. He argues its protectiveness toward tribal societies has led it to deny practices including warfare, infanticide, widow-strangling and abandoning the elderly. "Well-meaning defenders of traditional peoples, including apparently Corry, feel it necessary to deny the existence of those practices," he said. "That's a very bad idea – 'extremely dangerous', to use Corry's words where they really belong.

"Mistreatment of tribal peoples should be condemned not because you claim that they are peaceful when they really are not. It should instead be condemned on moral grounds: the mistreatment of any people is wrong."

Diamond said his manuscript was reviewed by dozens of expert anthropologists without objection and named several scholars who concurred with him. "They all conclude that the percentage of a population meeting a violent death per year, averaged over a long period of alternating war and peace, is on the average considerably higher in tribal societies than in state societies."

But that is unlikely to satisfy Survival, which believes tribal societies are societies like any other with their own sets of faults and virtues and which need to be able to make their own choices without interference or encroachment on their land.

"If Diamond's book had been published in the 18th or 19th century, they would have been called 'primitive savages'," said Mazower. "He's just dressed that up with a lot of pseudo-scientific language and some unexceptional stuff about what we can learn from them." © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds

]]> Sun, 03 Feb 2013 04:06:33 +0400
<![CDATA[The People Who Practice Everyday, Everywhere Innovation]]>

As human beings, we are born with a creative impulse, with an innate desire to use our imagination to better the world around us. Yet, all too often, our organizations end up being less innovative than the people within them. The dozens of in-the-trenches innovators who responded to our Innovating Innovation Challenge embody the first assertion and are working relentlessly and fearlessly to overturn the second.

We asked for real-world case studies and bold new ideas that will help us make innovation a deep-rooted, systematic competence in every kind of organization. In other words, how do we make innovation more of a natural act and less of a happy accident?

Of course, that's easier said than done. The disciplines of management were invented, more than a hundred years ago, to drive variety out of organizations. The goal was to excise the irregularities, in an effort to ensure conformance to work rules, quality standards, timetables and budgets. Today, though, it's the irregular people with their irregular ideas and irregular methods who create the irregular successes and profits. All too often, the quest to routinize the irregular ends up squelching innovation. The goal? Organizations that are paragons of penny-pinching efficiency and bastions of rule-busting innovation.

We received more than 140 entries from a diverse group of thinkers, practitioners and experimenters from around the world in pursuit of that goal. The judges and the MIX editorial team pored over the stories and hacks looking for depth, boldness, originality, clarity, and the ability to inspire and instruct in equal measure. We found those qualities in abundance — and are delighted, along with our partners at Harvard Business Review and McKinsey & Company, to announce 24 finalists (in alphabetical order):

Don't Use Your New Innovation Project to Change Your Business Model — Build On What You Do Well and Ensure Your Success
Hack by Jean Angus, Saint-Gobain

Managing for 21st Century Crime Prevention in Memphis
Story by Toney Armstrong, Memphis Police Department

Democratizing Entrepreneurship: Village Capital's Peer Selection Model
Story by Ross Baird, Village Capital

iMentors — Innovation belts spreading innovation within the organization
Story by João Manuel Brito Martins, co-authored by Jose Alberto de Oliveira Pereira, EDP Brazil

Keeping the Start-Up Spirit Alive at Red Gate
Story by Alice Chapman, Red Gate Software

Shell GameChanger — A Safe Place to Get Crazy Ideas Started
Story by Russ Conser, co-authored by Hans Haringa, Henk Mooiweer and Wim Schinkel, Shell

Case Coelce — Inspiring Innovation for Traditional Work Environments
Story by Luiz De Gonzaga Coelho Junior, co-authored by Odailton Arruda, Coelce

Fail Forward
Story by Ashley Good, Engineers Without Borders Canada

Making Innovation part of the DNA
Story by Jens Hauglum, co-Authored by Bente Mari Kristiansen, Bjørn Henrik Vangstein and Eyvind A. Larre,

Blank Checks: Unleashing the Potential of People and Businesses
Hack by Sanjay Khosla, Mondelez, co-authored by Mohanbir Sawhney, Kellogg School of Management

Sustainability as Innovation Strategy: How Sustainability and Innovation Drive Each Other and Company Competitiveness at Danone
Story by Monica Kruglianskas, Danone, co-authored by Marc Vilanova, ESADE Business School

Innovation as a Business: How to Create a Repeatable and Sustainable Innovation Engine
Story by Lawrence Lee, PARC

Transforming Corporate Culture through Pervasive Innovation at KT
Story by Misook Lim, Korea Telecom

Democratise Innovation — for sustained Innovation culture
Story by Lalgudi Ramanathan Natarajan, Titan Industries

Whirlpool's Innovation Journey: An on-going quest for a rock-solid and inescapable innovation capability
Story by Moises Norena, Whirlpool

Unleashing Inclusive Innovation at Cisco
Story by Kate O'Keeffe, co-authored by John Marsland, Carlos Pignataro and Lisa Voss, Cisco

Global solutions, local failure — Overcoming barriers in implementing open innovation
Hack by Frank Piller, co-authored by Patrick Pollok, David Antons and Dirk Lüttgens, RWTH Aachen University

Project Bushfire — Focussing the might of an entire Organization on the Consumer & Customer
Story by Stephen Remedios, The Stephen Remedios Company, co-authored by Aswath Venkataraman, Sandeep Ramesh, Shruti Kashyap and Shashwat Sharma, Hindustan Unilever

21st Century Play Dates: How USC Annenberg's Innovation Lab brings together diverse communities to provoke innovation
Story by Susan Resnick West, co-authored by Erin Reilly and Jake de Grazia, USC Annenberg School

Innovation is not coincidence; it is built systematically every day and everyone can take part in it
Story by Óscar F. Rodríguez, Banco Davivienda

Is managed innovation an oxymoron?
Story by Kumar Sachidanandam, Cognizant

Crafting one of the world's largest ideapreneurship — seeding a grassroots revolution in service innovation
Story by Pranay Shah Singh, co-authored by Puneet Ramaul and Annu Talwar, HCL Technologies

"Ever Forward" Extreme Makeover — DPR Construction Rebuilds their Continuous Improvement Process from the Foundation Up
Story by Dan Tran, DPR Construction

Innotribe — a tribe of innovators in the financial industry
Story by Peter Vander Auwera, SWIFT

Please check out the finalist stories and hacks and add your comments and ratings ̬ they'll make a difference as finalists update and build on their entries for final judging. We'll announce the winners of the challenge here the week of February 11th.

]]> Mon, 28 Jan 2013 22:00:57 +0400
<![CDATA[Замедление роста найма, вероятно, сохранит безработицу в США на уровне 8,3%]]>

Вполне вероятно, что темп роста занятости в августе замедлился, что сохранит безработицу в США свыше 8% 43 месяц подряд, заявили экономисты перед отчетом сегодня. По данным опроса Bloomberg 92 экономистов, дополнительные 130.000 рабочих были приняты в прошлом месяце следом за увеличением на 163.000 в июле. Опрос показал, уровень безработицы может остаться на уровне 8.3%.

Работодатели могут не захотеть расширения численности персонала, так как сталкиваются с глобальным экономическим спадом и все ближе к так называемому «фискальному обрыву» - автоматическому увеличению налогов и сокращению государственных расходов. Урон, нанесенный недостаточным ростом занятости – та причина, по которой председатель ФРС Бернанке на прошлой неделе дал понять, что будет следующее смягчение. Отчет департамента труда должен выйти в 08:30 в Вашингтоне. Исследование Bloomberg показывает рост от 70,000 до 185,000.

Как считают экономисты, отчет покажет, что частная занятость, в которой исключена занятость в госсекторе, выросла на 142,000 после роста на 172,000 в июле. Вчерашние отчеты помогли ослабить опасения в том, что рынок труда и дальше падает. По данным Департамента труда, количество заявок на пособия по безработице на прошлой неделе упали до минимума за месяц. Данные от ADP показали, что компании наняли в прошлом месяце 201.000 рабочих.

Bloomberg Survey  
Nonfarm  Private     Manu Unemploy
                           Payrolls Payrolls Payrolls     Rate
                             ,000’s   ,000’s   ,000’s        % 
Date of Release              09/07    09/07    09/07    09/07 
Observation Period            Aug.     Aug.     Aug.     Aug. 
Median                         130      142       10     8.3% 
Average                        128      137        8     8.3% 
High Forecast                  185      192       20     8.4% 
Low Forecast                    70       80       -5     8.1% 
Number of Participants          92       52       27       88 
Previous                       163      172       25     8.3% 
4CAST                          115      125     ---      8.2% 
ABN Amro                       150      160     ---      8.2% 
Action Economics               140      150        0     8.3% 
Aletti Gestielle               100     ---      ---      8.3% 
Ameriprise Financial           135      145        8     8.3% 
Banca Aletti                   132      144        5     8.2% 
Bank of the West               142      152        2     8.3% 
Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi       140      150     ---      8.2% 
Banorte-IXE                    115     ---      ---      8.3% 
Bantleon Bank AG               125     ---      ---      8.3% 
Barclays                       150      160     ---      8.2% 
Bayerische Landesbank          130     ---      ---      8.3% 
BBVA                           130      135       10     8.3% 
BMO Capital Markets            120     ---      ---      8.3% 
BNP Paribas                    125     ---      ---      8.3% 
BofA Merrill Lynch             110      100     ---      8.3%                   140      155     ---      8.2% 
Capital Economics              100     ---      ---      8.3% 
CIBC World Markets             148     ---      ---      8.2% 
Citi                           140     ---      ---      8.2% 
ClearView Economics            135      140       15     8.3% 
Comerica                       130     ---        15     8.3% 
Commerzbank AG                 140      150     ---      8.3% 
Credit Agricole CIB            145     ---      ---      8.3% 
Credit Suisse                  140      155     ---      8.3% 
CTI Capital                     92     ---      ---      --- 
Daiwa Securities America       130     ---      ---      8.3% 
DekaBank                       140     ---      ---      8.3% 
Desjardins Group               125     ---      ---      8.2% 
Deutsche Bank Securities       150      160     ---      8.2% 
Deutsche Postbank AG           140     ---      ---      8.3% 
DZ Bank                        100     ---      ---      8.3% 
Exane                          125     ---      ---      8.3% 
First Trust Advisors           130      130       10     8.3% 
FTN Financial                  105      114     ---      8.2% 
Goldman, Sachs & Co.           125     ---      ---      8.3% 
Helaba                         140     ---      ---      8.3% 
High Frequency Economics        95      105     ---      8.3% 
Horizon Investments            135     ---      ---      8.3% 
HSBC Markets                   135      144        5     8.3% 
Hugh Johnson Advisors           90       95       10     8.2% 
IDEAglobal                     150      165       20     8.3% 
IHS Global Insight             130     ---      ---      8.3% 
Informa Global Markets          90       95        5     8.3% 
ING Financial Markets          160      150       10     8.2% 
Intesa Sanpaulo                105     ---      ---      8.3% 
Iur Capital                    140     ---      ---      8.2% 
J.P. Morgan Chase              150      160        0     8.3% 
Janney Montgomery Scott        102      122       14     8.2% 
Jefferies & Co.                 70       85       10     8.2% 
JH Cohn                        100     ---      ---      --- 
John Hancock Financial         172     ---      ---      8.2% 
Landesbank Berlin              120     ---      ---      8.3% 
Landesbank BW                   90     ---      ---      8.3% 
Lloyds Bank                    110      115     ---      8.2% 
Maria Fiorini Ramirez          150      160     ---      --- 
Market Securities              118     ---      ---      8.3% 
Mizuho Securities              160     ---      ---      8.3% 
Modal Asset                   ---       178     ---      --- 
Moody’s Analytics              145      140       10     8.2% 
Morgan Stanley & Co.           125      135       -5     8.3% 
National Bank Financial         95      110     ---      8.3% 
Natixis                        120     ---      ---      8.2% 
Newedge                        140      155        7     8.2% 
Nomura Securities              110      115        5     8.3% 
Nord/LB                         90     ---         0     8.3% 
OSK Group/DMG                  125     ---      ---      8.3% 
Paragon Research               125     ---      ---      8.2% 
Pierpont Securities            120      115     ---      8.2% 
PineBridge Investments         175     ---      ---      8.2% 
PNC Bank                       135      145       10     8.2% 
Prestige Economics             135      150     ---      8.2% 
Raiffeisenbank International   145      155     ---      8.3% 
Raymond James                  140      150     ---      8.2% 
RBC Capital Markets            105      115     ---      8.3% 
RBS Securities                 125      130        5     8.2% 
Regions Financial              151      155        6     8.2% 
Renaissance Macro Research     105      115     ---      8.3% 
Scotiabank                     160     ---      ---      8.3% 
SISR                           182      192     ---      8.1% 
SMBC Nikko Securities          170      175     ---      8.2% 
Societe Generale                70       80     ---      8.3% 
Southern Polytechnic State     145     ---      ---      8.1% 
Standard Chartered             130      140     ---      8.3% 
Stone & McCarthy Research      135      145       10     8.2% 
TD Securities                  105      120       10     8.3% 
TrimTabs                       185     ---      ---      --- 
UBS                            135      125     ---      8.3% 
Union Investment               130     ---      ---      8.2% 
University of Maryland         129      138       10     8.3% 
Wells Fargo & Co.              112     ---      ---      8.3% 
Westpac Banking Co.             80     ---      ---      8.4% 
Wrightson ICAP                 120      130     ---      8.2% 

Переведено новостным порталом о форекс

Less Hiring Probably Kept U.S. Jobless Rate Elevated in August, Sep 7

Источник: FxTeam]]> Fri, 07 Sep 2012 14:46:00 +0400